Paris: Wolfgang Hopyl, 1494. Later edition. Hardcover. 4to. Unpaginated, collation is a-d8, e6. 36 leaves of text. Roman Gothic type. Bound in later full vellum boards (ca. 1675). Last leaf has a trimmed fore-edge (half a centimeter), with the three leaves before this being trimmed as well (interrupting the printed marginalia). First published in 1471 in Treviso, this edition was printed a little over twenty years later in Paris. The translator, Marsilio Ficino, was "largely responsible for the revival of Plato and Platonism during the Renaissance" (IEP, "Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499)"). It is debated among scholars just how influenced Ficino was by the Hermetic tradition, but nevertheless Ficino interrupted his translation of Plato's dialogues to translate the Corpus Hermeticum into Latin. Ficino's first notable work was his commentary on Lucretius' De Rerum Natura, the first one that was published since Antiquity. Ficino's complete translation of Plato's extant works into Latin was the first translation of the dialogues into a language other than Greek. Ficino's translation of the Corpus Hermeticum was completed in 1464, but not published until 1471. His translation of Plato's dialogues would be published in 1484. Ficino is also notable for inventing the phrase "Platonic Love" (IEP, "Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499)"). According to Wouter J. Hanegraaff, Professor at the University of Amsterdam, the pressure to publish the Corpus Hermeticum came from a misconception that Hermes Trismegistus lived long before Plato and was thus a source for his philosophy and wisdom. This was perpetuated by Byzantine philosopher George Gemistos (also known as Plethon), who passed the manuscript for Liber de Potestate from Byzantine to Cosmo Medice in Florence. Ficino's translations of the Hermetic Corpus and of Plato made these texts widely accessible to Renaissance philosophers, who could read Latin but not Greek. The IEP credits him with influencing Leibniz, Descartes, Bruno, and later on, Hegel. Hermes Trismegistus' writings were recorded during the second and third centuries C.E. in Egypt. The book records Hermes' thoughts on the nature of the world, God and divine beings, and his influences from Platonic, Aristotelian, and Stoic philosophies. Hermes Trismegistus was worshiped by the Egyptians as a philosopher, priest, and king. He wrote on the subjects of astrology, alchemy, cosmology, geography, medicine, pedagogy, and how to properly worship the gods. His cult imagery was an instance of syncretism: between the imagery of the Egyptian god Thoth and the Greek god Hermes. He is recognized as an early, if not the first, Neoplatonist. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance eras, Hermes Trismegistus had a reputation as a great sage, and a confirmer of Christianity, as his writings appeared to support early Christian doctrines. ISTC shows 25 holdings. John David Chambers, Theological and Philosophical Works of Hermes Trismegistus, Christian and Neoplatonist, 1882. Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke, 12315. Goff H-82. Wouter J. Hanegraaff, "Hermes Trismegistus and Hermetism" 2018. IEP, "Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499)". ISTC ih00082000. Oxford Classical Dictionary, Third Edition, 691. This incunable contains an early edition of several of Hermes Trismegistus' treatises. An important record of Renaissance scholarship, that would go on to make an important text of antiquity accessible to the Western world, and would proceed to influence the early natural philosophers. Very Good. Item #00008719
A Very Good volume with boards slightly splayed and a bit of wear to the boards' fore-edges.